Do you know what the colors mean? In 1921, university professor Pingali Venkayya designed the original flag with red and green stripes symbolizing Hinduism and Islam. Mohandas K. Gandhi modified the flag adding a white stripe in the middle representing other minority religions, including Christianity. The red was changed to the current saffron orange color. Later, due to conflicts within religious sects, the three colors were associated with courage and sacrifice, peace and truth, faith and chivalry among other meanings. A spinning wheel was added to represent Indians self-reliance as they made their own clothes from cotton or silk. Later the wheel was replaced by a blue chakra, which represents the “wheel of the law.” (Source: